Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Management, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Daneshpajoohan, Esfahan, Iran.


Nowadays, the construction managers try to accomplish the projects on time and successful simultaneously. However, the concept of success is not clear in their mind. The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that effect on project success in the construction field; so, an integrated model of critical success factor for construction projects has been suggested. The proposed model consists of three categories of variables, i.e. people related factors, project related factors, and environmental factors. This model clarifies the definition of success in the mind of construction professionals and develops the critical success factors for construction projects through prior research. The novelty of this research is the comprehensive view of critical success factors in an integrated model format. The model has been tested on construction project managers in Esfahan. Findings show that in Esfahan the success of construction projects depends on people, project, and environment related factors, respectively. This paper clarifies the ambiguous definition of success in the mind of construction professionals.


Main Subjects

[1]      Abdollahzadeh, G. R., & Faghihmaleki, H. (2017). A method to evaluate the risk-based robustness index in blast-influenced structures. Earthquakes and structures12(1), 47-54.
[2]      Atkinson, R., Crawford, L., & Ward, S. (2006). Fundamental uncertainties in projects and the scope of project management. International journal of project management24(8), 687-698.
[3]      Avots, I. (1969). Why does project management fail? California management review12(1), 77-82.
[4]      Baker, B. N., Murphy, D. C., & Fisher, D. (1997). Factors affecting project success. Project management handbook, 902-919.
[5]      Banihashemi, S., Hosseini, M. R., Golizadeh, H., & Sankaran, S. (2017). Critical success factors (CSFs) for integration of sustainability into construction project management practices in developing countries. International journal of project management35(6), 1103-1119.
[6]      Belassi, W., & Tukel, O. I. (1996). A new framework for determining critical success/failure factors in projects. International journal of project management14(3), 141-151.
[7]      Bititci, U. S. (1994). Measuring your way to profit. Management decision32(6), 16-24.
[8]      de Carvalho, M. M., Patah, L. A., & de Souza Bido, D. (2015). Project management and its effects on project success: Cross-country and cross-industry comparisons. International journal of project management33(7), 1509-1522.
[9]      Chua, D. K. H., Kog, Y. C., & Loh, P. K. (1999). Critical success factors for different project objectives. Journal of construction engineering and management125(3), 142-150.
[10]   Cooke-Davies, T. (1990). Return of the project managers. Management today119.
[11]   De Wit, A. (1988). Measurement of project success. International journal of project management6(3), 164-170.
[12]   Garbharran, H., Govender, J., & Msani, T. (2012). Critical success factors influencing project success in the construction industry. Acta structilia19(2), 90-108.
[13]   Gudienė, N., Banaitis, A., Banaitienė, N., & Lopes, J. (2013). Development of a conceptual critical success factors model for construction projects: A case of Lithuania. Procedia engineering57, 392-397.
[14]   Gudienė, N., Banaitis, A., & Banaitienė, N. (2013). Evaluation of critical success factors for construction projects–an empirical study in Lithuania. International journal of strategic property management17(1), 21-31.
[15]   Hughes, M. W. (1986). Why projects fail-the effects of ignoring the obvious. Industrial engineering18(4), 14.
[16]   Ihuah, P. W., Kakulu, I. I., & Eaton, D. (2014). A review of critical project management success factors (CPMSF) for sustainable social housing in Nigeria. International journal of sustainable built environment3(1), 62-71.
[17]   Jugdev, K., Perkins, D., Fortune, J., White, D., & Walker, D. (2013). An exploratory study of project success with tools, software and methods. International journal of managing projects in business6(3), 534-551.
[18]   Kometa, S. T., Olomolaiye, P. O., & Harris, F. C. (1995). An evaluation of clients' needs and responsibilities in the construction process. Engineering, construction and architectural management2(1), 57-76.
[19]   Khosravi, S., & Afshari, H. (2011, July). A success measurement model for construction projects. Proceedings of the international conference on financial management and economics (pp. 186-190). Singapore.
[20]   Kumaraswamy, M. M., & Chan, W. M. (1999). Factors facilitating faster construction. Journal of construction procurement.
[21]   Lim, C. S., & Mohamed, M. Z. (1999). Criteria of project success: an exploratory re-examination. International journal of project management17(4), 243-248.
[22]   Mbugua, L. M., Harris, P., Holt, G. D., & Olomolaiye, P. O. (1999, September). A framework for determining critical success factors influencing construction business performance. Proceedings of the 15th annual conference of association of researchers in construction management (pp. 255-64).
[23]   Molwus, J. J., Erdogan, B., & Ogunlana, S. (2017). Using structural equation modelling (SEM) to understand the relationships among critical success factors (CSFs) for stakeholder management in construction. Engineering, construction and architectural management24(3), 426-450.
[24]   Müller, R., & Jugdev, K. (2012). Critical success factors in projects: Pinto, Slevin, and Prescott–the elucidation of project success. International journal of managing projects in business5(4), 757-775.
[25]   Duy Nguyen, L., Ogunlana, S. O., & Thi Xuan Lan, D. (2004). A study on project success factors in large construction projects in Vietnam. Engineering, construction and architectural management11(6), 404-413.
[26]   Osei-Kyei, R., & Chan, A. P. (2017). Implementing public–private partnership (PPP) policy for public construction projects in Ghana: critical success factors and policy implications. International journal of construction management17(2), 113-123.
[27]   Patanakul, P., & Milosevic, D. (2009). The effectiveness in managing a group of multiple projects: Factors of influence and measurement criteria. International journal of project management27(3), 216-233. -134
[28]   Pinto, J. K., & Prescott, J. E. (1988). Variations in critical success factors over the stages in the project life cycle. Journal of management14(1), 5-18.
[29]   Pinto, J. K., & Prescott, J. E. (1990). Planning and tactical factors in the project implementation process. Journal of management studies27(3), 305-327.
[30]   Pinto, J.K., & Slevin, D. P. (1988). Project success: Definitions and measurement techniques. Project management, 1, 67-72.
[31]   Pakseresht, A., & Asgari, G. (2012). Determining the critical success factors in construction projects: AHP approach. Interdisciplinary journal of contemporary research in business4(8), 383-393.
[32]   Rubin, I. M., & Seelig, W. (1967). Experience as a factor in the selection and performance of project managers. IEEE transactions on engineering management, (3), 131-135.
[33]   Sadeh, A., Dvir, D., & Shenhar, A. (2000). The role of contract type in the success of R&D defense projects under increasing uncertainty. Project management journal31(3), 14-22.
[34]   Saqib, M., Farooqui, R. U., & Lodi, S. H. (2008, August). Assessment of critical success factors for construction projects in Pakistan. First international conference on construction in developing countries (ICCIDC-1), Karachi, Pakistan, August.
[35]   Shah, J. B., & Murphy, J. (1995). Performance appraisals for improved productivity. Journal of management in engineering11(2), 26-29.