All organizations inevitably have to deal with various critical situations. This requires providing necessary resilience-building infrastructure and facilities. A review of the research literature reveals that scholars have examined factors affecting organizational resilience(OR) from different perspectives. To gain an in-depth understanding and provide a list of effacing factors to organizations on their improvement practices related to OR, this paper aims to compile and synthesize qualitative findings of previous researches. Conducting systematic literature review 98 articles were selected for final analysis. The data were analyzed, summarized and synthesized in a step-by-step coding process, where 14 themes were identified as factors influencing OR. The identified factors included flexibility, control, redundancy and resources, planning and preparedness, decision making, social capital, resilience policymaking, organizational culture, staff, financial and economic viability, collaboration, customers and markets, modernization discourse and learning. Through a meta-synthesis of qualitative findings, this study is one of the first to forms novel perspective for offering a holistic understanding affecting factors for providing evidence to support improvement practices over OR.