Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Management, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.


Due to the importance of environmental effects of manufacturing system in recent decades, the production systems are obliged to comply different environmental regulations. The present research, aims to design a green supply chain model for Guilan steel industry with a hybrid approach. This study is applied research in term of purpose, exploratory in term of method, quantitative and qualitative in terms of data type. A researcher made questionnaire are applied, in addition to interview, for data gathering. The under-study research population includes steel industry experts out of them, 12 experts were selected for data gathering phase. Conducting the research, first applying fuzzy Delphi method, 5 main factors and 25 important sub-factors were identified. Then, using fuzzy DEMATEL and interpretive structural modeling (ISM) methods, the importance of each facto was determined, in which two factors "external environment study" and "internal environment study" were at the highest level of the importance, while "Waste reduction", "waste recycling" and "purchasing based on environmental products" were at the last level. These variables are interrelated and affect their next levels.


Main Subjects

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