Evaluation of Iranian automotive industries

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Environmental Science, UCS, Osmania University, Telangana State.



The automotive industry comprises all sectors of the design, development, and production as well as marketing and selling of vehicles. Iran's automotive industries possess the largest sector after the oil and petroleum sectors in Iran. The preliminary assessments taken by both of Iranian industries organization and environment protection agency were reported to the presence of around 71 various kinds of Iranian Automotive Industries (IAI) and provided the data from initial screening once prior to set up industries and process by present research. Current cluster study is targeted to weight and rank all the IAI empirically via Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) and COmplex PRoportional ASsessment (COPRAS) methods supported with weighing systems of Friedman test and Entropy Shannon, SPSS IBM 20, and Excel 2013 software to process raw data. The SAW method is resulted to classify IAI from the largest industry to the smallest one depends on 5 criteria, such as the number of staff, energy consumed (water, fuel, and power), and the land area used. COPRAS model is assigned to rank IAI pertaining to both negative and positive criteria. Finally, awareness of input materials stream introduced into IAI cycle paves the way towards the development of studies related to industrial ecology and industry 4.0.


Main Subjects

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