Fuzzy Goal Programming for Linear Facility Location-Allocation in a Supply Chain; The Case of Steel Industry

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Engineering, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

3 Department of Industrial Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran


This paper presents a mathematical model for a facility location-allocation problem in order to design an integrated supply chain. We consider a supply chain including multiple suppliers, multiple products, multiple plants, multiple transportation alternatives and multiple customer zones. The problem is to determine a number and capacity level of plants, allocation of customers demand, and selection and order allocation of suppliers. A multi-objective mixed-integer linear programming (MOMILP) is presented with two conflicting objectives simultaneously. The first objective is to minimize the total costs of a supply chain including raw material costs, transportation costs and establishment costs of plants. The second objective function aims to minimize the total deterioration rate occurred by transportation alternatives. Finally, by applying the fuzzy goal programming, the model is solved as a single objective mixed-integer programming model. An experiment study shows that the proposed procedure can provide a promising result to design an efficient supply chain.


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