Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Industrial Engineering , Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
University of Science and Technology, Behshahr Branch, Behshahr, Iran
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is being widely used to detect and eliminate known and/or potential failures, problems, errors and so on from system design, process, and/or service, before they reach the customer. It can be done by calculating the risk priority number which is the product of three factors: occurrence, severity and detectability. A lot of efforts have been made to overcome the shortcomings of the crisp RPN calculation and extend it to fuzzy environment. In this study, the presented fuzzy approach allows experts to describe the variables of risk priority number using linguistic terms by applying the method of fuzzy axiomatic design (FAD). At the final part of this paper a hypothetical case study demonstrated the applicability of the FMEA model under fuzzy environment.